Daily Quiz Answers

Daily Quiz Answers

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.174 – International Chess

We all know who is the current World Chess Champion but who is the current Women’s World Chess Champion?

A) Anna Ushenina (Ukraine)
B) Mariya Muzychuk (Ukraine)
C) Hou Yifan (China)
D) Tan Zhongyi (China)
E) Ju Wenjun (China)

Answer: E

The list of the last five Women’s World Chess Champions in this question is in chronological order:
Anna Ushenina (Ukraine) – 2012/13
Mariya Muzychuk (Ukraine) – 2015/16
Hou Yifan (China) – 2010/12, 2013/15 & 2016/17
Tan Zhongyi (China) – 2017/18
Ju Wenjun (China) – 2018 – current

Photo (cropped) by Andreas Kontokanis
CC BY 2.0

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.173 – National Chess

When was the first international chess event held in England?
A) 1851
B) 1871
C) 1891
D) 1911
E) 1931

Answer: A

England was once the cornerstone of international chess. In 1851, the first international chess tournament was held in Crystal Palace, London, organised by the legendary Howard Staunton.

It was a 16 player knock-out event. Adolf Anderssen of Germany was eventually victorious in this event and Staunton came a disappointing 4th place.

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.172 – Local Chess

Which current active local chess player has an FM title?
A) Peter Anderson
B) Martin Simons
C) Allan Pleasants
D) Bruce Jenks
E) Mike Waddington

Answer: E

To achieve an FM title, a player needs to achieve a 2300 FIDE rating. There used to be a greater stipulation but this is no not required.

Mike Waddington secured this rating when achieving a 2351 performance at Hastings in 2001 but at the time, it was not recognised as he had played insufficient titled players from different federations. He was later awarded the title after he applied for it in 2012 after he was informed the requirements had been relaxed.

For full details of Mike’s interesting story and success at Hastings can be found in Bulletin No.33

Mike Waddington Winner Hampshire Chess Open 2017

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.171 – Chess Laws / Trivia

Which famous strong chess player provided this great quote? … ‘Enormous self-belief, intuition, the ability to take a risk at a critical moment and go in for a very dangerous play with counter-chances for the opponent – it is precisely these qualities that distinguish great players?’

A) Alexander Alekhine
B) Mikhail Tal
C) Bobby Fischer
D) Garry Kasparov
E) Hikaru Nakamura

Answer: D

These qualities were in evidence when Kasparov beat Nigel Short in the 1993 World Chess Championship match, as reported in in Bulletin No.36 Part 2.

Photo by Jürg Vollmer
CC BY-SA 2.0

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.170 – You are the Arbiter!

During a live tournament chess game, when can pieces be adjusted by a player?

A) When their clock is running.
B) When their clock is not running.
C) When their opponent’s clock is running.
D) When neither clock is running.
E) At any time.

Answer: A

FIDE Rule 6.2.5 – Only the player whose clock is running is allowed to adjust the pieces.

If the arbiter stops both clocks, then players are sometimes seen adjusting their pieces so some people may argue that D is also correct. However, often the arbiter will not like either player adjusting the pieces, particularly if there is a dispute.

 

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.169 – International Chess

In the 20th century, in terms of time, who was the shortest World Chess Champion on record?

A) Max Euwe
B) Vasily Smyslov
C) Mikhail Botvinnik (2nd time)
D) Mikhail Tal
E) Mikhail Botvinnik (3rd time)

Answer: D

Mikhail Tal was World Chess Champion for one year and five days between 1960 and 1961.

In 1960, at the age of 23, Tal defeated Mikhail Botvinnik in the Moscow World Championship match, by 12.5–8.5 (six wins, two losses, and thirteen draws). This made him the youngest-ever world champion, a record later broken by Garry Kasparov. Botvinnik, who had never faced Tal before, won the return match against Tal in 1961 by 13–8 (ten wins to five, with six draws). Between the matches Botvinnik thoroughly analysed Tal’s style, and turned most of the return match games into close manoeuvres and endgames, rather than the complicated tactical melées which were Tal’s preference.

Photo coutesy of Dutch National Archives / ANEFO
CC BY-SA 3.0 NL

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.168 – National Chess

As at October 2020, using the FIDE ratings, what ranking was Nigel Short amongst the English players?

A) 2nd
B) 3rd
C) 4th
D) 5th
E) 6th

Answer: E

Mickey Adams 2716
Matthew Sadler 2694
Luke McShane 2674
Gawain Jones 2670
David Howell 2663
Nigel Short 2626

Photo by Andreas Kontokanis
CC BY 2.0

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.167 – Local Chess

Which club that no longer plays in our local leagues had a reunion chess match in 2012 at the Bournemouth Grand Chess Congress between two of its strongest teams?

A) Christchurch
B) Oakdale
C) Knights
D) Kinson
E) Bournemouth School

Answer: E

There was a Bournemouth School chess team ‘Class of 79’ versus ‘Class of 82’ re-union match held in 2012 at the 1st Bournemouth Grand Chess Congress event at the Carrington House Hotel. We think the youngsters won!

Bournemouth School Chess Club_260420

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.166 – Chess Laws / Trivia

What is defined as a ‘Rapid game’ of chess (based on 60 moves)?

A) More than 10 minutes but less than 30 minutes for each player
B) More than 10 minutes but less than 60 minutes for each player
C) More than 5 minutes but less than 30 minutes for each player
D) More than 5 minutes but less than 60 minutes for each player
E) None of these.

Answer: B

FIDE Laws of Chess 2018 – Appendix A. Rapid chess – A.1 – A ‘Rapid chess’ game is one where either all the moves must be completed in a fixed time of more than 10 minutes but less than 60 minutes for each player; or the time allotted plus 60 times any increment is of more than 10 minutes but less than 60 minutes for each player.

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.165 – You are the Arbiter!

In a FIDE chess tournament who decides where the chess clock is placed?

A) The clock is always placed on White’s left hand side.
B) By mutual agreement amongst the players.
C) The player of the White pieces.
D) The player of the Black pieces.
E) The Arbiter.

Answer: E

FIDE Rule 6.5 – Before the start of the game the arbiter shall decide where the chess clock is placed.

The chess clock must be visible to the Arbiter so that it can be checked to ensure it is working properly and for flag falls when necessary. It is normal to place the clock on White’s left hand side and to have the room set up accordingly. If a clock has to be placed on the other side (e.g. one player has an injured hand) then it is normal to turn the board around rather than having the clock facing in the opposite direction. Many players wrongly believe that in Blitz that Black can decide on which side the clock is placed

 

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.164 – International Chess

Since FIDE introduced world rankings some 56 years ago, there have been 12 (FIDE and PCA) world champions. 7 have always been ranked in the top 3 in the world when they won or regained the title? Of the remaining 5 players, who was the lowest ranked when they won or regained the title.

A) Alexander Khalifman (1999 – 2000)
B) Ruslan Ponomariov (2002 – 2004)
C) Rustam Kasimdzhanov (2004 – 2005)
D) Vladimir Kramnik (2006 – 2007)
E) Viswanathan Anand (2007 – 2014)

Answer: C

Rustam Kasimdzhanov was ranked 54th in the world, Alexander Khalifman was ranked 44th, Ruslan Ponomariov was ranked 7th, Vladimir Kramnik was ranked 9th and Viswanathan Anand was ranked 4th.

Rustam Kasimdzhanov

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.163 – National Chess

Based on the FIDE ratings, what was Nigel Short’s highest ever ranking in the world?

A) 3rd
B) 4th
C) 5th
D) 6th
E) 7th

Answer: A

Nigel Short’s peak ranking was 3rd behind Karpov and Kasparov from July 1988 to July 1989 inclusive. His highest rating numerically was 2712 in April 2004 (when he was ranked 15th in the world).

Photo by Rob C Croes / Anefo
Dutch National Archive
CC0 1.0

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.162 – Local Chess

Which of these local chess clubs were formed in the 1970s.

A) Highcliffe, New Milton & Southbourne
B) Highcliffe, New Milton & Wimborne
C) Highcliffe, Southbourne & Wimborne
D) New Milton, Southbourne & Wimborne
E) Highcliffe, New Milton, Southbourne & Wimborne

Answer: D

Southbourne was formed in 1974, New Milton in 1975, Wimborne in 1978 and Highcliffe in 1984.

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.161 – Chess Laws / Trivia

What are the generally accepted benefits of playing chess?
A) Better brain function, improved memory, reduced the risk of Alzheimer’s but not necessarily attention improvement.
B) Better brain function, improved memory & attention improvement but not necessarily reduced the risk of Alzheimer’s.
C) Better brain function, reduced the risk of Alzheimer’s & attention improvement but not necessarily improved memory.
D) Improved memory, reduced the risk of Alzheimer’s & attention improvement but not necessarily better brain function.
E) Better brain function, improved memory, attention improvement & reduced the risk of Alzheimer’s.

Answer: E

Better brain function – Chess will effectively exercise and develop not one but both sides of our brains. Scientists also claim that playing chess can improve mental age by up to 14 years. How’s that for a workout?

Improved memory / Reduced risk of Alzheimer’s – Scientists have shown that chess helps keep Alzheimer’s disease at bay, which is directly related to the loss of memory.

Attention improvement – While playing chess, each cognitive ability is stimulated because the game covers every part of our actions.

Improved Strategic thinking, is an additional benefit. A chess player commands his or her own pieces in a battle of black and white. So playing chess greatly improves the ability to develop certain strategies and plans.

You can read more about all these benefits here

So it is important for our health that we can all return to face-to-face chess when safe to do so!

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.160 – You are the Arbiter!

What is allowed in terms of writing moves down in advance on your scoresheet?

A) This is always allowed.
B) This is allowed providing the player only writes down one move in advance.
C) This is only sometimes allowed in certain situations.
D) This is only allowed when the arbiter is present.
E) This is never allowed.

Answer: C

FIDE Rule 8.1.1 – In the course of play each player is required to record his own moves and those of his opponent in the correct manner, move after move, as clearly and legibly as possible, in the algebraic notation (Appendix C), on the ‘scoresheet’ prescribed for the competition.

FIDE Rule 8.1.2 – It is forbidden to write the moves in advance, unless the player is claiming a draw according to Article 9.2, or 9.3 or adjourning a game according to Guidelines I. 1 .1

So moves can be written down in advance in certain situations (i.e. if claiming a draw) but the arbiter does not necessarily need to be immediately present.

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.159 – International Chess

When was the first official World Chess Championship held and publicly recognised?

A) 1843
B) 1858
C) 1886
D) 1894
E) 1921

Answer: C

The Wilhelm Steinitz versus Johannes Hermann Zukertort match in 1886 was the first to be publicly declared as a World Chess Championship match and generally accepted. Prior to then any World Chess Championship match was ‘unofficial’.

Pictured below is the winner of this match, Wilhelm Steinitz.

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.158 – National Chess

Stewart Reuben is a well-known British chess player, organiser, arbiter and author but what else is he arguably more famous for playing?

A) Bowls
B) Snooker
C) Darts
D) Bridge
E) Poker

Answer: E

Stewart Reuben has also been a professional poker player, has been called “one of Britain’s foremost poker players” and “one of the best two or three players in England”. He has written several books on the topic.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stewart_Reuben

Stewart Reuban (foreground)
Photo courtesy of Brendan O’Gorman

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.157 – Local Chess

Which local club has had the most DCCA Presidents?

A) Weymouth
B) Dorchester
C) Wimborne
D) Poole
E) Southbourne

Answer: A

Weymouth has had 4 DCCA Presidents – Mr A F Thomas (1953 to 1963), Joe Anderson (1970 to 1980), Frank Kingdon (pictured below, 1980 to 1995) and Chris Johns (1998 to 2008).

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.156 – Chess Laws / Trivia

What is the most number of queens known to be on a chess board in a FIDE rated match at any one time?

A) 4
B) 5
C) 6
D) 7
E) 8

Answer: C

In Szalanczy and Nguyen, Budapest 2009 there were 6 queens on the board at the same time and they all stuck around for 7 moves! We hope there were enough spare queens lying around but see Question No.155 what you might be able to do if this is not the case!

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.155 – You are the Arbiter!

What is generally not accepted as a valid reason for stopping the chess clock in live play?

A) To seek the arbiter’s assistance.
B) To go for an emergency toilet break when short of time.
C) To promote a pawn to a queen when there is no spare queen.
D) A medical emergency.
E) To complain that a spectator is disturbing the player.

Answer: B

FIDE Rule 6.11.2 – A player may stop the chess clock only in order to seek the arbiter’s assistance, for example when promotion has taken place and the piece required is not available.

Other valid reasons for pausing the clock include being disturbed by spectators (or the opponent) or illness. Without a medical reason, a toilet break would not normally be sufficient reason for a player stopping the clock.

FIDE Rule 6.11.4 – If a player stops the chess clock in order to seek the arbiter’s assistance, the arbiter shall determine whether the player had any valid reason for doing so. If the player had no valid reason for stopping the chess clock, the player shall be penalised in accordance with Article 12.9.

FIDE Rule 7.4.1 – If a player displaces one or more pieces, he shall re-establish the correct position in his own time.

FIDE Rule 7.4.2 – If necessary, either the player or his opponent shall stop the chess clock and ask for the arbiter’s assistance

 

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.154 – International Chess

By some accounts, at the St. Petersburg 1914 chess tournament, the title Grandmaster was formally conferred by Russian Tsar Nicholas II, who had partially funded the tournament. Who in the list below was not one of five international chess players to be awarded the Grandmaster title in this tournament?

A) Emanual Lasker
B) Jose Capablanca
C) Alexander Alekhine
D) Frank Marshall
E) Max Euwe

Answer: E

At the famous St Petersburg Chess tournament in April 1914, a few months before WWI, Tsar Nicholas II awarded the Grandmaster title to Lasker, Capablanca, Alekhine, Marshall and Tarrasch. This was an informal gesture as there was no FIDE until a decade later.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grandmaster_(chess)

Max Euwe, however, did become the 5th World Chess Champion in 1935 when he defeated Alekhine and was awarded the Grandmaster title in 1950.

Max Euwe – Photo by Theo van Haren Noman / Anefo
Courtesy of Dutch National Archives
CC BY-SA 3.0 NL

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.153 – National Chess

Who was not re-elected despite standing as the candidate for the ECF’s Chief Executive position in 2015?

A) Phil Ehr
B) Mike Truran
C) Chris Majer
D) Martin Regan
E) Andrew Farthing

Answer: A

Phil Ehr was the ECF’s unpaid Chief Executive, and had been a volunteer running junior chess before his two-year stint at the top finishing in 2015. He was not immediately replaced.

Chris Majer was the ECF’s Chief Executive in 2001 and from 2008 to 2010.

Martin Regan took up the reigns from 2006 to 2008.

Andrew Farthing was in the position from 2010 to 2012.

Mike Truran has been the ECF’s Chief Executive since 2016.

https://www.ecfresource.co.uk/luminaries/

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.152 – Local Chess

Which local chess club once lost a B&DCL Team Handicap Knockout Cup Final by 5.5 – 0.5 but won it on the handicap scoring system?
A) New Milton
B) Purbeck
C) Bournemouth
D) Highcliffe
E) Dorchester

Answer: D

Highcliffe lost to Weymouth by 5.5 – 0.5 in the 2016 B&DCL Team Handicap Knockout Cup Final but due to there being an average grading difference of 62 points on each board in Weymouth’s favour Highcliffe won the match! Captain Richard Ursell was the hero on the night securing the required draw for his team!

Test Your Chess Knowledge No.151 – Chess Laws / Trivia

What is defined as a ‘Blitz’ game of chess (based on 60 moves)?

A) Up to 20 minutes for each player.
B) Up to 15 minutes for each player.
C) Up to 10 minutes for each player.
D) Up to 5 minutes for each player.
E) Up to 2 minutes for each player.

Answer: C

FIDE Laws of Chess 2018 – Appendix B. Blitz B.1 – A ‘Blitz’ game is one where all the moves must be completed in a fixed time of 10 minutes or less for each player; or the allotted time plus 60 times any increment is 10 minutes or less